CANADA

EDUCATION SYSTEM

Education system in Canada encompasses both publicly-funded and private schools, including: Community colleges / Technical institutes, Career Colleges, Languages Schools, Secondary Schools, University and University Colleges.

There are 10 provinces and three territories, each with their own way of organizing education, but there are some generalizations that one can make about Canadian education. 

Most children attend publicly-funded schools which are run by the ministries, though some children do attend private schools. These private schools are run by independent operators who must conform to government guidelines regarding education

Public Secondary School : A public secondary school, or high school, is a government funded school for students between the ages of 12 - 18.

Private Secondary School : A private secondary school, or high school, is the same as a public secondary school, except the school receives funding from the students in the form of tuition.

Under Graduate : A school that a student would attend after graduating from secondary school.

University : Generally a publicly funded post-secondary undergraduate school (though there are some private universities in Canada) which offers degree programs, such as bachelor, master and doctorate degrees.

College : A publicly funded post-secondary undergraduate school that offers certificate and diploma programs.

University College : A publicly or privately funded post-secondary undergraduate school that offers both degree and diploma programs.

Career College : A privately funded post-secondary undergraduate school that may offer certificate and diploma programs.

Graduate Schools : A publicly funded school that students attend after obtaining a bachelor degree or part of a bachelor degree.

Business Schools : A publicly funded graduate school that offers master's of business (MBA) programs. They may also offer business related doctorate programs.

Law Schools : A publicly funded graduate school that educates students to become lawyers.

Medical Schools : A publicly funded graduate school that educates students to become doctors of medicine.

Language Schools : Privately funded schools that specialize in teaching students a second language. Publicly funded colleges and universities may run their own language schools as well.

Continuing Education : Programs offered by colleges, universities and universities colleges for people who want to improve existing skills or develop new ones. Certificates may be handed out for completion of a continuing education program.

Corporate Training : Short courses offered often by private companies to train employees of companies in new skills or to help develop new skills.

Degree Type : 

Secondary School Diploma : A student receives this when they successfully graduate from secondary (high) school.

Certificate : This degree is awarded by colleges and some universities. Usually it is denotes the completion of a shorter program.

Diploma : Offered by colleges and university colleges

Post Diploma : A diploma program offered to students who have already completed one diploma program.

Associate Degree : A program offered at the university level, but only lasting two years.

Bachelor : The first degree offered at a university or university college at the undergraduate level. Generally three years long.

Master Degree : The degree granted at the first level of graduate school. Students may only enter school in pursuit of a master's degree after finishing their bachelor degree.

Doctorate or PhD : The degree granted at highest level of graduate school.

Degree Modifiers : 

Honours : Used in Conjunction with a Bachelor Degree it signifies a four year program

Co-op : This indicates that there is a work term or that you must work as part of the program requirements. Schools help students find co-op term jobs.

University Transfer : This indicates that the full program is not available at the school and student must transfer to another institution to finish their degree. 

Distance : This indicates that the program can be taken at home as opposed to travelling to campus. 

Online : Indicates that the program is taken through the Internet.

Apprenticeship : Indicates that the student will learn by working for an established practitioner of the skills of their program.

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